China Good quality Excavator Transmission Shaft and Gear Axle drive axle

Product Description

Product Description

 

structural carbon steel :45# with details in under sheet :

Standard No. Alloy No. Chemical compositions(%)
C Cr Mn Ni P Si
GB/T699-1999 45# 0.42~0.50 ≤0.25 0.50~0.80 ≤0.25 ≤0.035 ≤0.035 0.17~0.37
Mechanical
Property
Tensile Strength(Mpa) Yeild Strength(Mpa) Elongation(%) Contraction of area Z(%)
≥600 ≥355 ≥16 ≥40

The correlation between properties and parameters-S45C (JIS)-SAE1045(Aisi)-SM45 of No. 45 steel(45 steel) was studied:
No. 45 steel is a carbon structural steel with 0.45% carboncontent. It is characterized by low price, good cutting performance, high hardness after quenching, good strength, toughness and wear resistance after quenching and temperingtreatment, is widely used in manufacturing structural partsand low-grade plastic mold. “45 steel” is a popular name, thesymbol is generally recorded as”45 #”. In fact GB standardsteel number is”45″, it is not a sequential number, read as”45steel” is not very accurate. Ingredient code 45 steels of similar designation are S45C (JIS) and 1045(Aisi) . In addition, ourcountry metallurgical technology standard has SM45 brandnumber to express the plastic mold use specially. Comparedwith 45 steel, SM45 has lower phosphorus and sulfur contentand better steel purity.

Standards YB/T 094 AISI JIS G4051
Alloy No. SM45 1045 S45C
C 0.42-0.48 0.43-0.50 0.42-0.48
Si 0.17-0.37   0.15-0.35
Mn 0.50-0.80 0.60-0.90 0.60-0.90
P <0.030 <0.030 <0.030
S <0.035 <0.035 <0.035

Recommended process specification for heat treatment andhardness: quenching temperature 820 – 860″ C, water-oroil-cooled, hardness 250 HRC. Recommended tempering pro-cess specifcation: tempering temperature is 500 – 560″ C, aircooling, hardness is 25 – 33HRC. Tempering in this temperature range is the tempering treatment, Quenching and tempering make the strength, plasticity and toughness of 45 steelget a good balance, the comprehensive performance is good,can adapt to the alternating load environment. After quench-ing and tempering, the surface hardness of 45 steel is low anddoes not wear well. So commonly used quenching and tempering + surface quenching to improve the surface hardnessof parts.

Tempering temperature After quenching Unit centigrade
200 300 400 500 550 600
Hardness
HRC
57 55 50 41 33 26 22

 

Mechanical properties (GB/T 699-1999)
Sample size mm 25
Heat treatments recommended Normalizing ºC 850
Quenching ºC 840
Tempering ºC 600
Mechanical properties Tensile strongth Mpa ≥600
Strong yield Mpa ≥355
Elongation Mpa ≥16
Section shrinkago Mpa ≥40
Impact Mpa ≥39
Hardness of delivery   HB ≤229
  HB ≤197

 

Main Products

 

 

 

Company Profile

 

ZheJiang Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Equipment Manufacturing Co, Ltd., located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, is a steel forging manufacturing enterprise specializing in the production of forged round steel, square steel, shaft forgings, ring forgings, cylinder forgings, and forging processing, heat treatment, mechanical processing, and finished parts processing. 0.75 tons to 30 tons of ingot steel can also be supplied. The company has a strong special steel supply channel as support, especially in the special steel forgings more resource advantages, products include “chromium-nick- el-molybdenum steel, bonded steel, carbon steel, stainless steel, spring steel, bearing steel, rolls and other series.”Our company can also ensure flaw detection at all levels according to customer requirements and provide quality certification documents.

Forging Equipment
The main equipment is 2000 tons of hydraulic press, ring rolling machine, 3 tons of forging hammer, 2 tons of forging hammer, 1 ton forging hammer, 750KG forging hammer, 30T heat treatment and temper- ing furnace, lathe, sawing machine and other more than 30 sets of equipment, which can produce

forgings weighing 20Kg-20000Kg. Products are not only widely used in domestic large locomotives, coal machines, petroleum machinery, shipbuilding and other industries, but also exported to Europe, South- east Asia, and other countries and regions, forging products using advanced production technology

“high-power electric CZPT (EF)furnace external refining (LF) vacuum degassing (VD) fast forging annealing (or normalizing) turning, Ensure chemical composition and mechanical property require-ments.

 

FAQ

 

  • What is the difference between forging and casting?

    Forging: It is the process of transforming a solid from 1 shape to another. Casting: It is the process of transforming a shapeless liquid metal into a solid with a shape. The so-called casting is the process of casting molten metal into a model to obtain a casting. The casting profession focuses on the metal melting process and the control of processes during the casting process. Forging is a plastic forming process in the solid state, which can be divided into hot processing and cold processing. Forgings include extrusion, drawing, roughening, punching, and so on. Casting is a solid liquid solid process, while forging is a solid to solid process where a solid can change its shape into another shape at high temperatures. There are still differences in the shape process and process of the two.

  • How to choose high-quality forgings?

    In the quality inspection of forgings, there are mainly external observation methods and internal inspection methods. The appearance method, as the name suggests, is to observe the appearance of the product, such as the shape, geometric dimensions, surface condition, etc. of the forging, in order to understand whether it meets the standards and whether there are external defects. Specifically, it is to check whether the external dimensions of the forging meet the specifications and whether there are defects on the surface, such as cracks, wrinkles, bubbles, indentations, pits, impurities, scratches, etc. on the surface of the forging. Internal testing mainly involves analyzing the chemical composition, macroscopic and microscopic structures, and mechanical properties of forgings. This inspection process requires the use of specialized instruments for high magnification inspection, with the aim of checking for any phenomena such as fractures and shrinkage within the forging, as well as defects such as dendrites and white spots, disordered flow lines, and throughflow. It also includes the tensile strength, ductility, hardness, plasticity, and heat resistance temperature of the forging.

  • What are the characteristics of the forging process for blank forgings?

    The forging process of circular forgings mainly consists of the following processes: pier roughening, elongation, punching, and expanding. The difference between free forging and ring rolling processes is mainly in the process of expanding holes. In the production of ring forgings, free forging is usually used to expand the hole with a horse screw, while ring rolling is mainly used to expand the hole with rolling.

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Processing Object: Metal
Molding Style: Forging
Molding Technics: Hot Forging
Application: Machinery Parts
Material: Steel
Heat Treatment: Tempering
Samples:
US$ 1100/Ton
1 Ton(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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axle

What are the safety considerations when working with axles, especially during repairs?

Working with axles, especially during repairs, requires careful attention to safety to prevent accidents and injuries. Here are some important safety considerations to keep in mind when working with axles:

1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

Wear appropriate personal protective equipment, including safety goggles, gloves, and steel-toed boots. PPE helps protect against potential hazards such as flying debris, sharp edges, and accidental contact with heavy components.

2. Vehicle Stability:

Ensure that the vehicle is on a stable and level surface before working on the axles. Engage the parking brake and use wheel chocks to prevent unintended vehicle movement. The stability of the vehicle is crucial to maintain a safe working environment.

3. Lifting and Support:

Use proper lifting equipment, such as hydraulic jacks or vehicle lifts, to raise the vehicle safely. Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for lifting points and weight capacities. Once the vehicle is lifted, support it securely with jack stands or other appropriate supports to prevent it from falling or shifting during repairs.

4. Lockout/Tagout:

If the repair work involves disconnecting or removing any electrical or mechanical components that could cause the axle or wheels to move, follow lockout/tagout procedures. This involves locking and tagging out the power source, so it cannot be accidentally energized while work is being performed.

5. Proper Tools and Equipment:

Use the correct tools and equipment for the job. Using improper tools or makeshift methods can lead to accidents and damage to the axle or surrounding components. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and recommended procedures for disassembling, repairing, and reassembling the axle.

6. Proper Torque and Tightening:

When reassembling the axle components, use a torque wrench to ensure that fasteners are tightened to the manufacturer’s specifications. Over-tightening or under-tightening can lead to component failure or damage. Follow the recommended torque values provided by the vehicle manufacturer.

7. Safe Handling of Heavy Components:

Axle components can be heavy and cumbersome. Use appropriate lifting techniques and equipment, such as hoists or lifting straps, to safely handle heavy axle parts. Avoid lifting heavy components alone whenever possible and ask for assistance when needed.

8. Proper Disposal of Fluids and Waste:

If the repair involves draining fluids from the axle, such as differential oil, ensure proper disposal according to local regulations. Use appropriate containers to collect and store fluids and dispose of them at authorized collection points.

9. Training and Experience:

Working with axles requires knowledge and experience. If you are unfamiliar with axle repairs, consider seeking assistance from a qualified mechanic or technician who has the necessary training and expertise. If you decide to perform the repairs yourself, ensure that you have the appropriate knowledge and skills to carry out the task safely.

By following these safety considerations, you can help minimize the risk of accidents, injuries, and damage when working with axles, ensuring a safe working environment for yourself and others involved in the repair process.

axle

Are there specific maintenance tips to extend the lifespan of my vehicle’s axles?

Maintaining the axles of your vehicle is crucial for ensuring their longevity, performance, and overall safety. Here are some specific maintenance tips to extend the lifespan of your vehicle’s axles:

  1. Regular Inspection:
  2. Perform regular visual inspections of the axles to check for any signs of damage, leaks, or excessive wear. Look for cracks, bends, or rust on the axle housing, and inspect the axle shafts, seals, and boots. Early detection of issues can help prevent further damage and costly repairs.

  3. Lubrication:
  4. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for axle lubrication. Proper lubrication helps reduce friction and wear on the axle components. Regularly check the axle’s lubricant level and quality, and replace it as necessary. Use the recommended lubricant type and viscosity for your specific axle.

  5. Seal Inspection and Replacement:
  6. Check the axle seals for any signs of leaks, such as fluid accumulation around the axle ends. Leaking seals can allow contaminants to enter the axle assembly, leading to premature wear and damage. Replace worn or damaged seals promptly to maintain proper lubrication and prevent contamination.

  7. Proper Loading and Towing:
  8. Ensure that you do not exceed the weight capacity of your vehicle’s axles. Overloading or towing beyond the recommended limits can put excessive stress on the axles, leading to premature wear or failure. Be mindful of the payload and towing capacity specified by the vehicle manufacturer.

  9. Driving Techniques:
  10. Adopt proper driving techniques to minimize stress on the axles. Avoid sudden acceleration, aggressive cornering, and harsh braking, as these actions can subject the axles to excessive forces. Additionally, be cautious when driving over rough terrain or obstacles to prevent impacts that could damage the axles.

  11. Regular Wheel Alignment:
  12. Maintain proper wheel alignment to prevent excessive strain on the axles. Misaligned wheels can put uneven loads on the axles, leading to accelerated wear. Regularly check and adjust the wheel alignment as per the manufacturer’s recommendations.

  13. Proper Tire Inflation:
  14. Ensure that your vehicle’s tires are properly inflated according to the recommended tire pressure. Underinflated or overinflated tires can affect the load distribution on the axles and increase the risk of axle damage. Regularly check and maintain the correct tire pressure.

  15. Service Intervals:
  16. Follow the recommended service intervals for your vehicle, which may include axle inspections, lubricant changes, and other maintenance tasks. Adhering to these intervals ensures that the axles are properly maintained and any potential issues are addressed in a timely manner.

It’s important to consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual for specific maintenance guidelines and intervals provided by the manufacturer. Additionally, if you notice any unusual noises, vibrations, or handling issues related to the axles, it is advisable to have your vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic to identify and address any potential axle problems promptly.

axle

How do solid axles differ from independent axles in terms of performance?

When comparing solid axles and independent axles in terms of performance, there are several key differences to consider. Both types of axles have their advantages and disadvantages, and their suitability depends on the specific application and desired performance characteristics. Here’s a comparison of solid axles and independent axles:

Aspect Solid Axles Independent Axles
Load-Bearing Capability Solid axles have high load-bearing capability due to their robust and sturdy construction. They can handle heavy loads and provide excellent stability, making them suitable for off-road vehicles, heavy-duty trucks, and towing applications. Independent axles typically have lower load-bearing capability compared to solid axles. They are designed for lighter loads and offer improved ride comfort and handling characteristics. They are commonly used in passenger cars, sports cars, and vehicles with a focus on maneuverability and road performance.
Wheel Articulation Solid axles have limited wheel articulation due to their connected and rigid design. This can result in reduced traction and compromised wheel contact with the ground on uneven terrain. However, solid axles provide excellent traction in situations where the weight distribution on all wheels needs to be maintained, such as in off-road or rock-crawling applications. Independent axles offer greater wheel articulation as each wheel can move independently of the others. This allows the wheels to better conform to uneven terrain, maximizing traction and maintaining contact with the ground. Independent axles provide improved off-road capability, enhanced handling, and better ride comfort.
Ride Comfort Due to their rigid design, solid axles generally provide a stiffer and less compliant ride compared to independent axles. They transmit more road shocks and vibrations to the vehicle’s occupants, resulting in a rougher ride quality. Independent axles are known for providing better ride comfort. Each wheel can react independently to road imperfections, absorbing shocks and vibrations more effectively. This leads to a smoother and more comfortable ride, particularly on paved roads and surfaces with minor irregularities.
Handling and Stability Solid axles offer excellent stability due to their connected nature. They provide better resistance to lateral forces, making them suitable for high-speed stability and towing applications. However, the rigid axle design can limit overall handling and maneuverability, particularly in tight corners or during quick direction changes. Independent axles generally offer improved handling and maneuverability. Each wheel can react independently to steering inputs, allowing for better cornering performance and agility. Independent axles are commonly found in vehicles where precise handling and responsive steering are desired, such as sports cars and performance-oriented vehicles.
Maintenance and Repair Solid axles are relatively simpler in design and have fewer moving parts, making them easier to maintain and repair. They are often more resistant to damage and require less frequent servicing. However, if a component within the axle assembly fails, the entire axle may need to be replaced. Independent axles are typically more complex in design and have multiple moving parts, such as control arms, CV joints, or bearings. This complexity can result in higher maintenance and repair costs. However, if a failure occurs, only the affected component needs to be replaced, reducing repair expenses compared to replacing the entire axle.

It’s important to note that advancements in suspension and axle technologies have resulted in various hybrid systems that combine features of solid and independent axles. These systems aim to provide a balance between load-bearing capability, wheel articulation, ride comfort, and handling performance based on specific application requirements.

In summary, solid axles excel in load-bearing capability, stability, and durability, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications and off-road conditions. Independent axles offer improved ride comfort, better wheel articulation, enhanced handling, and maneuverability, making them suitable for passenger cars and vehicles focused on road performance. The choice between solid axles and independent axles depends on the specific needs and priorities of the vehicle or machinery.

China Good quality Excavator Transmission Shaft and Gear Axle   drive axleChina Good quality Excavator Transmission Shaft and Gear Axle   drive axle
editor by CX 2024-03-28